Light House Tablet Blog Tutorial on French Press Coffee

Tutorial on French Press Coffee

Among different ways of brewing coffee, using the best French press coffee makers is probably the simplest method to make a delicious and flavorful cup of coffee. In this tutorial, we will show you how to make your own coffee with French press.

Step 1: Dose the coffee

By volume or by weight? In general, weighing will give you a more repeatable result than dosing by volume because there will be less variance when using a gram scale than tablespoons. Nevertheless, a French press maker is quite forgiving so both methods are fine.

  • Measure by weight

There is actually no consensus on the best ratio of brewing for a French Press. Before writing this tutorial, I read the recommendations of some roasters and found out that the ratios would be between 1:10 and 1:18. That means 10 or 18 g of water for 1 gram of coffee.

  • Measure by volume

When it comes to volume, a good method is using one tablespoon of coffee for each four ounces of water, or 3 ounces for a stronger recipe. Depending on your personal taste, you might increase the coffee amount. Here is a general guide to get started:

  • 12 oz – 3 cups = 3 or 4 tablespoons
  • 17 oz – 4 cups = 4 or 5 tablespoons
  • 34 oz – 8 cups = 9 or 10 tablespoons
  • 51 oz – 12 cups = 13 or 15 tablespoons

Step 2: Heat water and grind coffee

Remember to heat up some water before starting to grind the coffee. In general, a French Press maker often applies a coarse grind.

Step 3: Add water and coffee to the French Press

Put the ground coffee to the French Press maker. After the water is boiling, wait for approximately 30 seconds before adding into the coffee. By doing this, you will reduce the temperature from the boiling point to about 200° F, an ideal point for brewing.

Set the timer and pour the water into the coffee ground. In some cases, there might be a bloom on the top where the coffee does not make contact with water or is clumped. You could minimize this by slowly pouring in a controlled style.

Step 4: Stir

Even when you slowly pour, there would be coffee ground that is not in contact with the water on the top. And you can resolve this problem by stirring gently. However, you do not need to stir the whole French Press, just stir the top part by using a spoon or a chopstick. Some people advise us to a wooden spoon because a metal one would crack the glass of your French Press maker.

After that, put the plunger in an up position on top of the coffee pot to minimize the loss of heat. But do not press down yet.

Step 5: After 3 or 4 minutes, slowly press down

In general, the recommended time of brewing for a French Press maker ranges from 2 to 6 minutes. In my experience after brewing hundreds cups of coffee, 4 minutes is often the best option with rich and full extraction, but not too heavy.

Step 6: Serve coffee

Pour coffee into a cup and enjoy. Generally, French Press coffee has some sediment. As usual, I often leave about 1 inch of coffee in the pot to minimize the grit. Also, I do not drink the last drops of each mug. The sediment does not really matter, but I would like to end the last sip with the same taste as the first sip.


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