1. Fire extinguisher
There is a chance that you may encounter a fire that is out of control in your our house, such as kitchen fire. Have a handy fire extinguisher can save lives and property by suppressing large fires until the fire department arrives. It can also put out the smaller fire by itself.
In case you notice a fire in the house, first, make sure to evacuate everyone else before trying to extinguish the fire. Make sure your back is always facing a safe exit. It is best to confine the fire to safe areas and prevent it from spreading.
Once the fire reaches the walls or curtains, retreat from the room as soon as possible, because the fire may surround you. The same applies for when the smoke has filled the room to the extent that you cannot see or breathe.
Here are some tips for buying a fire extinguisher that worths the money. A fire extinguisher is labeled with letters and numbers. The letters contain A, B or C. A type can extinguish the fire on paper, wood or cloth. Type B can put out fire from flammable liquids, like oils or alcohol. C type can extinguish fire from electrical equipment, like TV, fuse boxes or stereos. The number ranges from 1 to 40, which means the powerful level of the equipment. For example, a fire extinguisher with number 2 will be as powerful as half of that labeled with number 4.
We recommend that you buy a multipurpose one, rate 3A:40 -B:C if possible. This will probably cost you 40 dollars.
2. First aid kits
A stocked first aid kit with proper elements inside can help you respond well to common wounds or emergencies. There should be one kit in your house at least, and one in your car. A basic first aid kit should include: adhesive tape, bandages, cold packs, cotton balls, swabs, disposable gloves, lubricant, safety pins, scissors, sanitizer, ointment, eye drops, thermometer, anti-diarrhea medication, laxative, antihistamine, pain relievers and cold medications.
Contain these things inside a waterproof case, with a red cross inside so that anyone can recognize it. Also frequently check for expired date of supplies and replace supplies that have been used up.
You should also educate the children on how to use medical emergencies. The American Red Cross can be a helpful resource.
3. Smoke alarms
Experts advise you to install at least one smoke alarm on a floor of your home and one for each bedroom. Also, install one where you place large electrical appliances.
A good smoke alarm can cost you from 5 pounds to 10 pounds. The cheapest would be ionisation alarm, which is very sensitive to fierce fire.
More expensive are the optical alarms. These are best at detecting slow fires, like overheated wiring or smoldering foam-filled furniture. The optical alarms are less likely to go off accidentally. Install these on hallways on the ground floor.
The smoke alarms can run on battery or the main power in your house. With the battery types, make sure the batteries are changed frequently. There is also the 10-year battery with a long-life lithium battery.
Some models are equipped with a hush button which will work to silence the alarm for a short time, which would be convenient for cooking.
To make sure the smoke alarm work properly, you should test it once a week by pressing the test button until the alarm sounds. Besides that, clean the dust from the detector once a year, and replace the whole smoke alarm system every ten years.
4. Good locks
Always put security first when you choose a lock. Use a different type of lock for interior and exterior door: use deadbolt on the entry door and privacy lock on the bathroom door, for example.
The American National Standard Institute sorted locks into three different categories regarding the quality and durability.
Grade 1 includes the highest grade security locks. The knobs that meet this grade must withstand 800000 cycles, 6 door strikes, and 360-pound weight test, while the deadbolts must withstand 250,000 cycles and 10 door strikes.
Grade 2 include locks that ensure commercial building requirements, which exceeds the need for standard residential security.
Grade 3 locks are best for residential building requirements.
Make sure to ask the supplier for the grade of a lock before buying.
Imagine being in your house at night when the power suddenly shut down and you smell something strange from the kitchen. A flashlight would be your best bet then.
When selecting a flashlight, you should consider its light output, batteries, and size. A pricier one would have more powerful light. There are also additional features, such as ultra strong light and water resistance.
Creating a safe home is like creating a healthy life: you cannot just buy the equipment and accessories to gain the goal. Everyone in the home should practice with the emergency situations while all safety equipment should be installed properly and check frequently.